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  The Nobel Prize winners 2012
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10th Oct 2012, 12:00 AM
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012 went to Sir John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka.

For the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent.

"The discoveries of Gurdon and Yamanaka have shown that specialized cells can turn back the developmental clock under certain circumstances. Although their genome undergoes modifications during development, these modifications are not irreversible. We have obtained a new view of the development of cells and organisms."

More here: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/m....

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2012 went to Serge Haroche and David J. Wineland.

For ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems.

"Serge Haroche and David J. Wineland have independently invented and developed methods for measuring and manipulating individual particles while preserving their quantum-mechanical nature, in ways that were previously thought unattainable."

More here: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/p....

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2012 went to Robert J. Lefkowitz and Brian K. Kobilka.

For studies of G-protein-coupled receptors.

"Your body is a fine-tuned system of interactions between billions of cells. Each cell has tiny receptors that enable it to sense its environment, so it can adapt to new situtations. Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka are awarded the 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for groundbreaking discoveries that reveal the inner workings of an important family of such receptors: G-protein–coupled receptors."

More here: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/c....

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2012 went to Mo Yan.

"who with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales, history and the contemporary"

More here: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/l....

The Nobel Peace Prize 2012 went to European Union (EU)

"The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided that the Nobel Peace Prize for 2012 is to be awarded to the European Union (EU). The union and its forerunners have for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe."

More here: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/p....

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2012 went to Alvin E. Roth and Lloyd S. Shapley.

For the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design.

"This year's Prize concerns a central economic problem: how to match different agents as well as possible. For example, students have to be matched with schools, and donors of human organs with patients in need of a transplant. How can such matching be accomplished as efficiently as possible? What methods are beneficial to what groups? The prize rewards two scholars who have answered these questions on a journey from abstract theory on stable allocations to practical design of market institutions."

More here: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/e....

changed: mat (17th Oct 2013, 12:46 AM)
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